20 years of transition – institutional reforms and the adaptation of production in Estonian agriculture

Ants-Hannes Viira, Anne Põder, Rando Värnik

Published: 07.10.2009  〉 Jahrgang 58 (2009), Heft 7  〉 Resort: Articles 
Submitted: N. A.   〉 Feedback to authors after first review: N. A.   〉 Accepted: N. A.

ABSTRACT

This article provides an overview of the most important reforms, their background, and corresponding changes in Estonian agriculture during the transition period from 1988-2008. The past two decades have been divided into three sub-periods to outline differences in dynamics and the direction of changes in agriculture. From 1988-1995, the main reforms were implemented and agricultural production decreased rapidly. From 1995-2001, the decline stabilised and nonviable farms exited the sector. From 2001 onwards, the positive effects of the EU pre-accession period and EU membership can be observed.
CONTACT AUTHOR
ANTS-HANNES VIIRA
Institute of Economics and Social Sciences
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Kreutzwaldi st. 1, Tartu 51014, Estonia
phone: +(372)-73 13 833, fax: +(372)-73 13 300
e-mail: ants.viira@emu.ee
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